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Climate Change Impact: 15m Bangladeshis could be displaced by 2050: Report
Tuesday, 13 December 2016

Climate-induced displacement and migration are a regular and increasing phenomenon and 15 million people in Bangladesh alone could be displaced by climate change by 2050, according to a report on climate change.

The report “Climate Change Knows No Borders” prepared by ActionAid, Climate Action Network South Asia and Bread for the World was published globally recently.

Based on the report, the three international organisations warn of the devastating and increasing impact of climate change on migration as policy makers converge on Bangladesh for the Global Forum on Migration and Development in Dhaka today.

The report shows migration is taking place as a result of crop failure, rising sea levels and flooding -- all caused by climate change.

Sudden events such as cyclones and flooding can lead to temporary displacement. If these events happen repeatedly, people lose their savings and assets, and may eventually be forced to move to cities or abroad to find work.

The report says Asia and the Pacific saw more than 42 million people displaced by extreme weather events during 2010-11. This year, South Asian people suffered devastations due to extreme weather and people are on the move like never before.

The study looks at climate change and its impacts on migration in South Asia, and particularly in Bangladesh, India, Nepal and Sri Lanka.

Droughts, heat waves, cyclones, rising sea levels, heavy rainfall, landslides and floods are often felt by two or more neighbouring countries in the South Asian region, and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Fifth Assessment Report (IPCC AR5) anticipates that these are likely to be felt more severely in future, the report says.

In some communities in Bangladesh, women face social pressure not to leave the house, making life incredibly difficult if their husbands have left to find work. In other areas, women report much higher exposure to assault and violence.

Farah Kabir, country director of ActionAid Bangladesh, said, “Displacement and forced migration is a real and ever-concerning problem for Bangladesh.\"